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Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan State autonomous institution of science of the Republic of Bashkortostan Bashkir encyclopedia

ACCESSION OF BASHKORTOSTAN TO RUSSIA

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ACCESSION OF BASHKORTOSTAN TO RUSSIA, Bashkirs’ joining the Rus. state based on the Agreement. After the conquest of Kazan Khanate in the middle of the 16th century, Tsar Ivan IV appealed to the Bashkirs with the offer to voluntarily join the Russian State. Between 1554—57, negotiations with the tsarist viceroy in Kazan, boyar A.B.Gorbaty-Shuysky, were conducted by representatives of the Bashk. tribes and clans of the North Western part of Bashkortostan, then Central, South-Eastern, Eastern, etc. parts of Bashkortostan. In 1557, negotiations ended with the conclusion of an agreement between the Bashkirs and the Russian Government On Conditions of Bashkortostan Accession to the Rus. State; representatives of the tribes were awarded with Zhalovannyye Gramoty. Part of the Trans-Ural Bashkirs joined in the course of the struggle of the troops of the Kuchumovich Sib. rulers with the Russian army. Ivan IV guaranteed military protection, observance of the Patrimonial Law of the Bashkirs, freedom of religion, non-interference in internal affairs, and preservation of local self-government. The Bashkirs recognized themselves as subjects of the Rus. state, and undertook to carry military service (ref. Military Service of the Bashkirs) and pay yasak. For Russia, the peaceful accession of a huge territory with significant natural resources and population was an important stage in its formation and transformation into a multinational power. The events of A.B. to

R. are recorded in the Shezhere and reflected in the Bashk. folklore. The Monument of Friendship in Ufa was erected in honour of A.B. to R. Ceremonial events, dedicated to the 400th and 450th anniversaries of A.B. to R. were held in the RB in 1957 and 2007.

Publication date: 01.10.2020
Last updated: 01.10.2020
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