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The regional interactive encyclopedic portal «Bashkortostan»
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan State autonomous institution of science of the Republic of Bashkortostan Bashkir encyclopedia


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LEGEND is a short oral fantastic folklore story that claims to be true. The motifs and images of L. often originate from myths in Bashkortostan peoples’ folklore (see Myths). There are types of L.: 1) cosmogonic – about the creation of the world and space bodies [Bashk.: “Two ducks that created the island”, “Sever stars” (“Ursa Major”); Mar., Chuv., Udmurt: “The legend about Kiremet”; Mord.: “Inflaming  hearts”:  Mar.:  “The  duck  that  laid  two eggs”,  “Kugu Yumo”;  Chuv.:  “Three  Suns”, “A girl on the Moon” etc.]; 2) toponymic – about the mountains’, rocks’, lakes’, villages’ origins  and  their  names  (Bashk.:  “Sinister mountain”, “Stone­fortress”, “Asylykul”, “Yuraktau”; Chuv. “The origin of the Volga river” etc.]; 3) about flora and fauna origins (Bashk.: “Snowdrop”, “Cuckoo”; Mar.: “Maska  hunter”;  Chuv.:  “Azamat’s  bridge”  etc.); 4) ethnogonic – about the tribes’, clans’, ethnic origins (Bashk.: “Descendants from a bear”, “Descendants of wolf’s kin”; Mord.: “Origin of Mordovian people”, “Kilya girl”; Udm.: “The ancient people were tall”; Chuv.: The Legend of Chuvash settlement in Volga region”, “The Legend about Ulyp” etc.); 5) religious (Bashk.: “Flies of shaytan”, “the Deluge”; Mord.: “About a Buzzard bird”, “The origin of snake grass”; Rus.: “Jesus Christ’s origin”; Ukr.: “Nicholas the Kind”, etc.), etc. L. is very close to the genre of fable; they have common functions and do not have canonic genre forms; these are prerequisites for the mixed type of epic narrative – fable­legend. Ancient mythologic origin, elements of fantasy fiction make L.closer to bylichka and fairytale.

F.A. Nadrshina

Publication date: 11.06.2021
Last updated: 11.06.2021