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Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan State autonomous institution of science of the Republic of Bashkortostan Bashkir encyclopedia


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LAMENTATION is a genre of family-household ritual  folklore  performed  usually  when a person is departing this life and at his funeral. It is also performed during a rite of passage (seeing off a bride, a soldier, etc.; see Laments). Its origin is connected with the magic of laments, ritual collective crying that aimed to banish evil powers, diseases and clean one’s soul. L. is a sacred passage action, the way to communicate with deities. In ancient times the rite of lamentation included the ritual of self-torture (pulling hair out, cutting face, etc.); usually it was performed by a woman-mourner, a special guest invited to mourn a deceased relative or express grief about the beginning of war, natural disaster, poor harvest, etc. The L. genre is fixed in epic folklore of different peoples: Ural-batyr(Bashk.), “Suyumbike’s lamentation” (Tat.), “Lay of Igor’s Warfare” (Rus.), etc. L. is mainly represented in ethnic senlyau songs (Bashk.), kurekton kuy songs (Udm.), yupa yurri (Chuv.), kyrdzan (Udm.), etc. Lyro-dramatic improvisation of L. is very emotional, has many epithets, metaphors and other means of artistic expressiveness.

I.E. Karpukhin, R.A. Sultangareyeva

Publication date: 21.06.2021
Last updated: 21.06.2021