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The regional interactive encyclopedic portal «Bashkortostan»
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan State autonomous institution of science of the Republic of Bashkortostan Bashkir encyclopedia

PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS

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PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS, large capacity production of organic and inorganic products based on petroleum hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon gases. Production of petrochemical products was commissioned, in Bashkortostan, at the Ufa Oil Refinery, Ishimbay gasoline, pyrolysis (No.411) and sulfuric plants during the Great Patriotic War. Since the 50s, the large capacity production of P.s. products has been performed at Industrial Complex No.18 (ref. Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat), Sintezspirt Ufa Plant, Novo‑Ufimsky Oil Refinery, and Chernikovsky Oil Refinery. P.s. of the Republic provides production of butyl alcohols, synthetic rubbers, methyl tertiary butyl ether, methyl ethyl ketone, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene with copolymers, polyethylene, etc. Low molecular weight alkanes, alkenes, aromatic hydrocarbons (dominantly benzene, xylenes, toluene) are used as raw materials for P.s.

Publication date: 01.09.2020
Last updated: 01.09.2020