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The regional interactive encyclopedic portal «Bashkortostan»
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan State autonomous institution of science of the Republic of Bashkortostan Bashkir encyclopedia

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LAMENT is a genre of family-household ritual  folklore,  performed  when  a  person  is leaving the native house. It exists in folklore of many peoples. Its origin and functions are close to the genre of lamentation. There are wedding, funeral-commemoration L. connected with the ancient beliefs of peoples....


LAKLINSKAYA CAVE, Tash‑kuesh, a natural monument (1965). Located on the right slope of the valley of the Lakly River (tributary of the Ai River), 1.6 km SW of Selo Lakly of Salavatsky Raion. Karst cave, it is a system of horizontal halls and galleries. Length 252 m, aver. width 19.5 m, height 5.0 m,...


LAKES, natural reservoirs with slow water exchange and coastal zone profile, developed under the impact of wind waves and current. Morphometric characteristics: surface area, volume, depth, length, width, indentation of shoreline, configuration of lake basin, etc. Bashkir Pre‑Urals are represented mostly...


LAGEREVSKOYE, swamp, a natural monument (2005). Located in the basin of the Ai River near Selo Lagerevo of Salavatsky Raion. Total area — 1.6 thous. ha. The following plants, included in The Red List of the RB, grow here: Salix pyrolifolia, swamp ledum, Gymnadenia odoratissima, Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum,...

LACH Robert

LACH Robert (29.1.1874–11.9.1958), musicologist, composer. His research papers are devoted to comparative musicology, music history, ethnomusicology, and psychology. Author of “Vergleichende Musikwissenschaft” (1924), “Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der ornamentalen Melopöie” (1913), etc. During...


LABOUR RESOURCES, population of working age (except disabled persons and persons receiving pension on preferential terms), working citizens of retirement age and adolescents, foreign labor migrants. In Bashkortostan, as well as in the RF generally, there are aging L.r. (an increase in the share of the...